Category: buy online casino

Explosion Speyer

Explosion Speyer Meistgelesene Beiträge

Akzeptieren! Diese Website verwendet Cookies, um Ihnen den bestmöglichen Service zu gewährleisten. Wenn Sie unsere Website weiter nutzen, stimmen Sie​. Speyer. Die Polizei Speyer sucht Zeugen zu einer Verkehrsunfallflucht vom Sonntagabend. Ein dunkler Audi bog gegen Uhr aus der Prinz-Luitpold-​Straße. Ein lauter Knall schreckt die Menschen in der Region Speyer am frühen Lastwagen zu löschen, als sie von der Explosion überrascht wurden. Wissen was in Speyer & Umgebung los ist! Polizei, Zoll, Krankenwageneinsätze von heute direkt zum nachlesen. Ludwigshafen/Speyer. Nach der Explosion im Vorgarten eines Speyerer Mehrfamilienhauses sind die Hintergründe weiter unklar. Zwar gebe.

Explosion Speyer

Ein lauter Knall schreckt die Menschen in der Region Speyer am frühen Lastwagen zu löschen, als sie von der Explosion überrascht wurden. Aktuelle Nachrichten: ✓ POL-PDLU: Speyer - Jugendlicher erpresst Bargeld und wird auf der Flucht von Polizei gestellt (00/) ✓ POL-PDLU: Speyer. Speyer: Die Polizei-News Speyer: Die Polizei-News. Speyer - Jugendlicher erpresst Bargeld und wird auf der Flucht von Polizei gestellt ,

It became the primary church and mausoleum of the Salian dynasty and the burial place of eight German emperors and kings. With the Abbey of Cluny in ruins, the Speyer Cathedral remains the largest Romanesque church to this very day.

It had become a custom in Carolingian times that bishops expanded their residences in order to host kings or emperors on tour.

The palace was 74 metres long, 16 metres wide and had three floors with heights of 6 metres each. It had its own chapel and was linked to the northeastern corner of the cathedral.

The dimensions and elaborate architectural design were exceptional for profane buildings in the Salian era.

Altogether, cathedral and additions presented a representative assembly of stately buildings with nothing comparable in the Salian empire.

The extensive construction works drew many people to Speyer and expansions of the town became necessary. A new layout of streets developed that still exists today: three streets fanning out from the cathedral to the northwest, to the west and to the southwest.

Although the street has partially been narrowed, the original width is still visible on both ends, most notably between the cathedral and Alte Münz.

The first expansion of the town was by about 50 ha and the walls were completed around To the north, just east of today's train station, the suburb of Altspeyer including the Jewish quarter also had been walled.

Under the reign of the Salians three abbeys were established as endowments see Stift : St. John's later St. Guido on the Weidenberg, a minor elevation between Speyer and the suburb of Altspeyer, St.

Germain on the Germansberg, another small elevation outside of the town walls to the south and All-Saints within the city walls in the southern part of the town.

Conrad II died 4 June and was laid to rest in the cathedral which was still under construction. At the consecration of the main altar in , he donated the evangelistary gospel book known as the Speyer Gospels today in Madrid , in which it says "Spira fit insignis Heinrici munere regis Speyer is awarded and elevated by the beneficial work of King Henry ".

They were ceremoniously interred in the new abbey of St. John's, which later became the Stift of St. The cathedral was also presented with the skull of pope Stephanus, one of its two patron saints.

Along with Goslar and Regensburg , Speyer became one of Henry's favorite residences in the empire.

After his death he was buried on 28 October with great ceremony in the presence of Pope Victor II in the yet unfinished cathedral next to his father.

Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos — gave the cathedral a valuable antipendium appendage which covers the entire front of the altar in and Empress Beatrix died donated a gold, silver and ivory reliquary cupboard.

The political relations between the Speyer and the empire intensified and Henry IV confirmed the charter of privileges immunity charter which had been granted to Speyer by his father.

The Speyer bishops Heinrich I. Huzman remained excommunicated for life because of his partisanship for the emperor.

In , Henry VI commissioned considerable changes to the cathedral Speyer II bringing another spurt in growth for the town. Until the eastern sections of the building were demolished leaving only the lower floors and the crypt of Speyer I intact.

The nave was elevated by five metres and the flat wooden ceiling replaced with a groin vault of square bays at an elevation of 33 metres representing one of the outstanding achievements of Romanesque architecture.

The emperor not only laid claim to secular but also to ecclesiastical power and with the magnificence and splendour of this cathedral he underlined this bold demand.

The purpose of the building, already a strong motive for Conrad, was the emperor's "claim to a representative imperial Roman architecture" in light of the continuing struggle with Pope Gregory VII.

Thus, the Speyer Cathedral is also seen as a symbol of the Investiture Controversy. Because of his excommunication, he was first put to rest in the unconsecrated Afra chapel of the cathedral.

It was only in , when Henry IV's excommunication was revoked that his son, Henry V, had the body moved into the cathedral alongside his predecessors.

In the beginning of the following century, another expansion of the town became necessary. Between and , the staple market at the Speyerbach today Fishmarket Square was included within the city walls.

Bartholomew, St. Jacob and St. Peter is an indication of a growing population. As of the end of the 11th century, Spira became the only name used for the town.

Conrad II and his predecessors furnished the cathedral chapter with estates and reeve rights with which it had a successful and strong economical base.

These assets included the area of Bruchsal with Lusshard Forest and possessions scattered along the upper Neckar River, in the northern Black Forest , in modern-day Palatine and in the Kraichgau district as well as farther away in the Hunsrück Mountains, the Nahe Hills and the Hessian Mountains.

Virtually the whole district of Speyergau was gradually transferred into the hands of the church. In the years to come, Speyer developed an autonomous municipal law.

Speyer's Rhine harbour at mouth of the Speyerbach is first mentioned in Along the upper Rhine, the staple market of Speyer was third in size and Speyer was the largest trading centre for wine.

Other commodities were cloth, spices, grains, fruit, grindstones, pottery and arms. During his tenure his bishopric received additional estates in the area of Rastatt.

Afra adjoining the cathedral. His son, Henry V had him ceremoniously transferred into the royal chancel of the cathedral proper on August 14, In , the first recorded Jewish community emerged in Speyer at the instigation of the Bishop Rüdiger Huzmann.

It is quite possible that Jews already settled in Speyer in pre-Christian times. The bishop invited Jews to move to Speyer and settled them in the former suburb of Altspeyer which he had surrounded by a wall for their protection.

Along with this invitation the bishop granted the Jews rights and privileges which went well beyond contemporary practice.

These rights were confirmed by Henry IV in and became an example for Jews' privileges in many cities of the empire. A Jewish quarter soon also developed next to the bishops' district near the cathedral.

Its centre, the Jews' Court Judenhof , contained a men's and a women's synagogue and the mikveh. The ruins of the Speyer Synagogue are the oldest visible remnants of such a building in central Europe.

The mikveh , first mentioned in , has remained almost unchanged to this day and is still supplied by fresh groundwater.

For two centuries the Speyer Jewish community was among the most important of the Empire and, in spite of pogroms, persecution and expulsion, had considerable influence on Ashkenazi culture and the spiritual and cultural life of the town.

Nevertheless, anti-Semitism and persecution was no less virulent in Speyer than in other places and with one notable exception the Jewish community shared the fate of most others.

On August 14, , the day of his father's funeral in the Speyer cathedral, Henry V granted the city extraordinary privileges.

Speyer became the first city in the Holy Roman Empire in which its citizens were granted personal freedoms as laid out in the Great Freedom Charter.

For Speyer this marked a big step in the development of becoming a free imperial city. The inscription was later lost when the cathedral was damaged.

Among other things, the charter freed the citizens of Speyer from the oppressive inheritance tax, from duties and the fees and tolls of the city and it granted the right to be heard when coins were to be devaluated.

The charter became a precondition for a free citizenry with a unified legal status, e. It was an example for similar rights later granted to other cities in the empire and also highlighted the emperor's interest in strengthening the citizenry as a counterweight against the power of the bishops.

The city of Speyer remaining loyal to Henry V chased the bishop out of town. This was the first recorded political action of the Speyer citizenry.

Henry, having come to terms with the pope, died without children in Utrecht and was the last Salian emperor to be interred in the Speyer cathedral.

As with Henry IV, Speyer had been one of his favourite residences. In the ensuing struggle for the royal crown the Welf candidate sponsored by the archbishop of Mainz, Lothar III succeeded to the throne on 13 September The Staufers took refuge in Speyer.

In the Imperial Chronicle it says that they expressed their gratitude by making it their principal town. In King Lothar and Archbishop Adalbert put Speyer, which by then must have been totally surrounded by walls, under siege and it had to surrender short of starvation.

Lothar III stayed in Speyer twice for longer periods of time in and He continued the practice of the Salians in keeping a common residence with the bishops in Speyer and the cathedral school as an imperial chancellery.

The emperor also continued to rely on the support of the Speyer bishops holding most important offices of the empire. Two brass plates in the cathedral commemorate this event.

In , Conrad's nephew, Frederick I confirmed and expanded the privileges for Speyer granted in The script is the oldest document in the Speyer city archives.

Unlike the people of Speyer, the inhabitants of the prince-bishopric outside the city walls remained serfs of the bishop under the old inheritance law well into modern history.

Frederick had planned to be interred in the cathedral after his death but never returned from the Third Crusade. Therefore, his second wife Beatrice of Burgundy and his little daughter Agnes were put to rest in the cathedral in The crown passed to Frederick's son Henry VI whose reign was marked by the dispute with the church, opposing princes and by the secession of Sicily.

In December , Richard I of England was taken captive near Vienna on his return from the Third Crusade and handed over to Henry IV in Speyer on March 28, who imprisoned him in Trifels Castle for almost a year until England paid a royal ransom of , marks 65, pounds of silver.

Presumably it was in this time, that Henry IV granted the town the liberty to elect a council of twelve citizens from their midst. The original document is lost but the privilege was confirmed in January by Philip of Swabia in a contract with the city.

Thus, with the apparent approval of the bishop, Philip legitimatized the city council charter, which also made its way in Lübeck , Utrecht and Strasbourg around the turn of the century.

It is especially remarkable, that the twelve councilors were neither appointed by the bishop nor were they required to swear an oath on him.

Henry's three-year-old son was too young to take the crown, and a struggle between Staufers and Welfs for the throne ensued.

In the treaty of mentioned above, Speyer again sided with the Staufers and agreed to mutual aid with Henry's youngest brother, Philip of Swabia. His supporters crowned him that same year, while Otto IV of Brunswick was crowned as the candidate of the Welfs.

In the spring of , the princes supporting the Staufers assembled in Speyer to affirm Philipp's right to the crown. In a note of protest to the pope they denounced his right to participate in the election of the German king, not to mention to declare it legitimate.

They demanded that the Pope no longer infringe on the imperial rights in Italy. The princes threatened to come to Rome in order to enforce Philipp's coronation as emperor.

That same year, Otto besieged Speyer without success, where his opponent Philip sojourned. In , Philip held a diet in Speyer and, after he beat Otto in battle in , the tide in the power struggle turned in his favour.

Otto IV, becoming king after all, tried to make amends with Speyer by confirming the privileges of , but in vain. In the Treaty of Speyer of 22 March he renewed his promise to the pope Oath of Neuss about the territories in Italy which he never held.

As of , important functions of the city were taken by citizens and from that time on the council used its own seal. With these privileges, Speyer continued to lead the way in the empire.

The role of the city council consolidated during the 13th century and a city court evolved. Under his reign, the cathedral school evolved into the diplomat school of the empire.

That same year, a hospital run by the Teutonic Order is documented in Speyer. In , the Franciscan Cesarius of Speyer began his mission in Germany.

The 13th century in Speyer was characterised by the struggle for power in the city. In the beginning there were more and more signs that the city council increasingly acted independently and that its constitution took on institutional traits.

In , the city council was referred to as universitas consiliariorum and in as consiliarii Spirensis cum universo eorum collegio.

In and , for the first time, it signed contracts in its own name, e. Eventually, legal jurisdiction cognisance passed over from the church to the city.

During the throne quarrel of Frederick II, the cities were encouraged to more independence. In the mid-twenties of the 13th century, Speyer joined a federation of cities with Mainz, Worms, Bingen, Frankfurt, Gelnhausen and Friedberg.

Yet, mainly at the instigation of the church, this federation was prohibited at the diet of the new imperial regent , Louis I, Duke of Bavaria in November It concerned violations against peace and order in the city.

In that context, for the first time, two mayors of Speyer are mentioned. In , the city council appears as independently acting institution, referring to itself as Consules et universi cives Spirenses.

In the 13th century a number of monasteries settled in Speyer. In the Order of the Holy Sepulchre took over the monastery of the Augustinian nuns which was located in the suburb of Altspeyer.

Cistercians established a monastery on the site of today's Wittelsbacher Hof on Ludwigstrasse in It was a branch of the renowned Eusserthal Abbey in the Palatine Forest.

In , Magdalen nuns from St. Leon settled in Speyer and later requested to be accepted into the Dominican Order. Their monastery St. Magdalen is the oldest still in existence in Speyer today.

In the Dominicans came to Speyer; their church was today's Ludwigskirche in Korngasse. Augustinians built a monastery at today's Willi-Brandt-Platz around the middle of the century, Carmelites had a monastery at today's Postplatz and in Poor Clares started one on St.

Many monasteries maintained trade posts in other cities; in Speyer alone there were 19 such posts, 12 of which belonged to various Cistercian abbeys.

The Speyer cathedral chapter Domkapitel, capitulum was an ecclesiastical corporate body of approximately 30 canons, or clergy ordained for religious duties in the church.

The chapter mainly assisted the bishop to govern the diocese, but formed a body distinct from him, with the authority to make its own statutes and regulations.

The chapter elected the bishop and ruled the diocese during episcopal vacancies. The chapter eventually became wholly aristocratic in composition and in the pope decreed that only members of the nobility or aristocracy were to be admitted.

The nobility of the city strove to have a family member in the chapter. The chapter owned property and appointed officials to administer its possessions which were not under the control of the bishop.

Henry III, who made several donations of property to the chapter in and , even specified with the first of these that the bishop was to be excluded from its administration.

Each capitular canon Domkapitular or Domherr, canonicus capitularis had the right to a prebend Pfründe or income and was required to reside near the cathedral church, unless granted leave.

Each canon had to perform his duties personally, including choir service. Head of the chapter was originally the cathedral provost Dompropst, praepositus , the highest dignitary after the bishop.

From the end of the 12th century, leadership passed to the cathedral dean Domdekan, decanus. The chapter was an important factor in the city's economy because it operated various administrative departments cellar, barn, granary, portal, factory, ornaments, and bakery , staffed by cathedral vicars Domvikare, vicarii who carried out their duties under the supervision of a capitular canon.

There were approximately seventy vicars associated with the Speyer cathedral. Three libraries were associated with the cathedral: the cathedral library, comprising liturgical books and books forming part of the cathedral treasure , such as the codex aureus, the palace library of the bishop as of c.

In August Speyer was occupied by troops of the margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach. They plundered the cathedral and its associated buildings. The margrave had in mind to hand the books to his stepfather and had them brought to the nearby house of the Deutsche Orden.

But the books were saved for the library owing to the hurried departure of the troops on 24 August. All the known and extant copies of the Notitia Dignitatum , a unique document of the Roman imperial chanceries and one of the very few surviving documents of Roman government, are derived, either directly or indirectly, from the Codex Spirensis which is known to have existed in the library of the cathedral chapter.

The codex contained a collection of documents of which the Notitia was the last and largest document, occupying pages that brought together several previous documents of which one was of the 9th century.

It is last attested in the available documents in — The second half of the 13th century was characterised by the fierce disputes between city and bishop and, most of all, between city and the ecclesiastical endowments.

The disputes were yet intensified by the Investiture Controversy. The four Speyer collegiate endowments Cathedral Chapter, St.

Germain, Weiden Stift and Trinity Stift were a major unified force in the city representing all the priests as ecclesiae Spirenses and vying with the bishop and the city for power.

They didn't even shrink from adulterating their own history to achieve their aims which were not always the same as the bishop's.

Especially the cathedral chapter evolved into the actual adversary of the Speyer citizenry. There were frequent threats against each other, economic sanctions, punitive and counter measures concerning taxes and revenues.

The church neither wanted to forego revenues nor pay dues to the city. In turn, the citizenry refused payments to the church.

Bishop Beringer of Entringen, for example, threatened to excommunicate those citizens that did not fulfill their interest payments to the Speyer canons.

The power struggle between the pope and the emperor added to the heat of this conflict. The citizenry always sided with the emperor while the clergy took sides with the pope.

Emperor and pope rewarded their followers with privileges. Thus, in , Frederick II returned the Speyerbach to the city and permission for the fall fair in must be seen in that light.

In and , the popes Gregory IX and Innocent confirmed estates in Heiligenstein and Deidesheim and extensive rights for the cathedral chapter.

On July 30, , Pope Innocent even took people and estates of the cathedral under his special protection. At this, Frederick II ordered the expulsion of the clergy from Speyer.

It is not known whether this order was executed. In July , Speyer and 58 other cities created the Rhenish League of Cities and Princes which proclaimed a general Landfrieden for 10 years.

The cities also signed an agreement about taxes. This league put the cities in a position to demand the confirmation of privileges from the king and or pope for conduct in their favour.

Yet, the alliance dissolved again in Should Alfonso not accept the election, Speyer and Worms would vote for another king. In the eyes of the collegiate endowments, it was the bishops' leniency towards the city that caused the erosion of church power in the city.

This leniency was vehemently opposed, especially by the cathedral chapter which felt impaired by the octroi levied by the city. Bishop Henry of Leiningen had yielded to the city the right to collect octroi on wine for 5 years.

In return, the city council abstained from the free election of the council which had been conceded to it long ago.

Yet, for the collegiate endowments this concession by the bishop went too far and in they formed an alliance against this agreement.

The occasion was that citizens of Speyer allegedly destroyed buildings and plantations of the endowment clergy and that the church felt exposed to harassment.

As a counter measure they decided that neither council members, other citizens or their relatives down to the fourth generation would be allowed to become canons or friars of the Speyer church or to receive benefices.

The octroi still would not be paid. Not only the endowment clergy but also the episcopalian court house, citizens and Jews were subject to violence.

This revolt constituted the first open and serious resistance of at least a part of the citizenry against the bishop and the clergy. The leaders with their families and backers were banished from the city in December and found refuge with the Count of Leiningen.

Yet, the tension between clergy and citizenry continued. Without success he advocated the restitution of the rebels which had been banished from the city.

Under the reign of Rudolf, Speyer served as an example for city foundations and elevations of city statuses, e. Neutstadt , Germersheim , Heilbronn or Godramstein With Otto of Bruchsal, provost of St.

Guido, clergyman from Speyer became court chancellor of the king. In , the city chamberlain tried to bring the cathedral clergy before a secular court.

In turn, he was banished by the church, yet without consequences, as he remained a member of the city council. In the meantime there were quarrels not only about the octroi but about wine serving and dues on the export of grain.

As the church continued to refuse any payments the city decreed a ban on exports. On Good Friday in , cathedral deacon Albert of Mussbach was murdered.

The perpetrator s were never caught and possibly even covered by the city. The pope demanded the investigation of the complaints by the church of Speyer and the city expanded its measures against the clergy.

The citizens were forbidden to buy wine from the church. Bakers were not allowed to grind their grain in mills owned by the church.

In addition, the city began construction of 2 towers by the cathedral and next to the houses of the endowment clergy. In , the endowments complained to the pope that the city demanded payment of a buying and sales tax, that it forbade its citizens to buy wine in their buildings and that it banned the export of wine and grain for the purpose of avoiding the market and sales taxes.

On April 13, , the bishop felt impelled to yield. With his pledge to respect all privileges of the city, for the first time he unconditionally acknowledged the privileges of Speyer.

The city immediately proceeded to safeguard its power by engaging the military service of knight John of Lichtenstein against all enemies for 1 year.

On this occasion, the 4 endowments again unified their forces to defend their rights and privileges in Speyer. This economic warfare grew in intensity.

In an arbitration by King Rudolf on October 21, , it is stated that the ban on the export of grain was renewed after the clergy wanted to sell it outside of Speyer at a higher price.

Also, the city banned the import and sale of wine by the clergy with the intention to undercut the price of wine within the city and make a profit.

Thereupon the clergy left town and the bishop, in vain, declared an interdict. He also dismissed the episcopal office-holders and dissolved the judicial courts.

The offices were taken up by citizens. But a compromise found in the context of the arbitration could not solve the old conflicts. For the time being, wine serving and jurisdiction were left aside.

This effectively excluded the holders of the most important episcopal offices from the city council. Rudolf I died on July 15, , in Speyer and was entombed in the cathedral.

The sculpture on his tomb slab is a true-to-life depiction of the king created only shortly after his death and is considered an outstanding artistic accomplishment of that era.

In September , the council of Speyer submitted a solemn protest concerning the bishop's overbearing actions. It was read out in all churches of the city.

On October 31 that same year, Bishop Frederick of Bolanden and the city signed a contract in which basically all the longstanding demands of Speyer were met and which codified the termination of episcopal power in the city.

The bishop would staff law courts and offices at the recommendation of the city council. He could arrest neither clerics nor laymen without proof of guilt.

An arrangement for the sale of wine was yet to be found. The contract also contained a passage, that the banishment of the insurgents in was unjust and that the heirs would be allowed back into the city.

This contract ended the domination of the city by the bishops and Speyer became a free imperial city. Yet the conflict with the endowments about the privileges was far from settled.

In connection with the century-long conflict between city and church there is one of the earliest records of Carnival in Germany.

The clergy accused a number of council members of various violent acts, e. Apparently, these assaults were reason for the cathedral chapter to file suits against the council and the citizens and to threaten with excommunications.

Because of the determined reaction of the city, the matter fizzled out. Yet, it is telling that in this time of great religiousness, people were not sufficiently deterred by such threats of the church as not to partake in such carnival mischief.

On February 2, , Bishop Frederick agreed not to impose any excommunication, inhibition or interdict before the accused was duly cited and found guilty.

Thus, the resentment of the endowments was directed at the bishop and they continued to oppose the loss of their privileges. It was only in that the archbishop of Mainz worked out a mediation.

In the meantime, King Adolf granted Speyer additional privileges. In a document of he put the citizens of Speyer and Worms directly under his protection.

In return, the 2 cities promised the king their support. The citizenry was granted the right only to be tried in their own town. In addition, ownership of the diverted Speyerbach was returned to Speyer.

In , Speyer was adjudged the proceeds of the Jews in the city. King Adolf was killed. Speyer soon allied itself with King Albert against the Rhenish electors and in he confirmed the privileges of the city which became his favoured place of residence.

In , Albert officially granted Speyer the right to levy the sales tax. In spite of the mediation efforts by the archbishop of Mainz, the quarrels continued.

King Albert had to promise to the Speyer clergy capitulatio caesarea that he would rescind the concessions made to the city. Also, a squad of 60 mounted soldiers was assembled to fight against the Speyer citizenry.

Speyer denied the bishop homage as well as entry into the city and banned the sale of wine by clerics and the payment of interest to the church.

In the following 7 months, warlike operations laid waste to the countryside in the vicinity of Speyer and the courts of the church.

On October 4, , the warring parties signed a treaty in which all the demands of the citizenry were met. Even the ban against selling wine to the clergy remained in force.

The power of the bishops was confined to the area of immunity around the cathedral resulting in two distinct political entities within Speyer's city walls.

The controversy in Speyer between citizenry and clergy "generalis discordia" played only a minor role in the 14th century.

In the contest for the throne between the House of Wittelsbach and the House of Habsburg , Speyer again stood in the centre of imperial policies. Against this background, a power struggle in the city council ensued between the minters' cooperative and the guilds.

In the beginning, the development of an urban establishment was a by-product of the bishop's rule of the city. The aristocratic and common servants as well as the experienced and rich citizens evolved into an administrative ruling class which was of decisive importance in the development of the cities.

The minters' coop had a long-time monopoly for monetary transactions, making them very influential with established close links to the monarchy.

From on, the ruling class merged with the merchants, the local nobility of the area and mainly the minters coop into a new establishment with hitherto unknown economical power.

The beginnings of the guilds in Speyer are not documented. When they were first mentioned in the beginning of the 14th century, they were already highly organized.

Cloth manufacturing in Speyer was pivotal. For that purpose the area of Speyer had turned into a centre for growing dyer's madder.

The guild citizenry made up the largest portion of Speyer's population. Another fifth each refers to textile manufacturing and services trade, serving wine, transportation, and markets.

Then there was fur and leather processing and trade, building trade, metal working and, not least, city employees and supervision staff.

Some trades were located predominantly or only in a certain area of Speyer. The tanners were in the western part of the suburb of Hasenpfuhl, the boatmen Hasenpfühler around the harbour area along the Speyerbach, the gardeners in the Gilgen-suburb, the fishermen in the Fisher-suburb.

The guild houses of the chandlers, shoemakers and blacksmiths settled south of the big market street, the bakers, butchers, tailors, wine sellers, weavers and masons on the northern side.

As a result of increasing pressure by the guilds, in it was agreed to compose the council with 11 members of the minters' coop and 13 of the guilds and that each group would furnish a mayor.

Yet, by , through skilled manoeuvering the minters' coop managed to hold all the council seats in their hands.

During a diet in , Henry VII had the remains of Adolf of Nassau and Albert I , opponents in the battle of Göllheim transferred to Speyer and entombed next to each other in the cathedral.

These were the last two kings to be buried in Speyer. On March 20, , 13 guilds of Speyer joined into a confederation for mutual aid and enforced new council rules.

There would be 16 guild members and 15 members of the minters' coop, successfully ending the sole reign of the latter. From that day on, documents were certified by the 2 mayors alone, not by the whole council.

The revolt of Severin's Day was thwarted and the instigators were banished from Speyer. The minters lost their last privilege in when a pure guild constitution for Speyer was accepted.

From then on, the coop members had to organise themselves along the lines of the guilds which made them one group among 14 others.

Speyer took up fifth place among the imperial cities on the Rhenish Bench and it had a seat and one vote in the Upper Rhenish Circle.

In and Speyer hosted the association of imperial cities. The agreement on the balanced council did not end political conflicts in Speyer. The second half of the 14th century started with the destruction and expulsion of the Jewish community , epidemics and Flagellant campaigns.

The following decades were characterised by the power struggle between various factions of influential Speyer families. The city was under heavy financial burdens because of various payments it had to make for its alliances.

The bishop and disempowered minters played upon the people's dissatisfaction. The citizens were outraged at the power games of Rudolf of Offenburg, councillor in and one of the mayors in He was banished from town for disturbing the peace, slander and forming malicious power groups and found exile with Margrave Rudolf IV of Baden.

His opponents, the Frispecher family, filled in the influential vacancies, facilitated by the council election rules of This, in turn, led to an open revolt against the city council headed by the minter Henry of Landau.

Together with 13 citizens he sacked the council and asked Rudolf of Offenburg back into the city. Yet, the revolt failed as they couldn't secure the formal approval by the citizenry.

Everybody was in arms and a fight was only avoided after arbitration by city councillors from Mainz and Worms. Heinrich of Landau and Rudolf of Offenburg both fled; some followers were apprehended and executed.

Heinrich of Landau found refuge with Speyer Bishop Adolf of Nassau who had been in a feud with the city since Their attempt to lay siege to Speyer in failed.

Henry's contacts in Speyer were discovered and executed. Count Palatine Ruprecht the elder had to broker a contract of atonement between the city and the bishop.

In , a conspiracy within the city council was uncovered. Background was the rivalry between the families of the Frispechers and the Fritzes.

After this coup was thwarted the power of the council somewhat stabilized but it was increasingly engrossed by the oligarchy of the guilds.

The controversy between city, bishop and clergy continued to smolder in the background. Because of this the city suffered from the considerable loss of revenues.

Therefore, in , it prohibited citizens to buy wine from the clergy outside allocated times. In , this ban was expanded. In , members of the cloth were excluded from citizen's rights which was meant to impede the function of the clerical court.

Things to Do. Travel Forums. Rental Cars. Vacation Packages. Add a Place. See all photos. Speyer Speyer. Start planning for Speyer. Create a Trip to save and organize all of your travel ideas, and see them on a map.

Create a Trip. Essential Speyer. Go Play. Places to see, ways to wander, and signature experiences. See all. Speyer Cathedral. Technik Museum Speyer.

Historisches Museum der Pfalz Speyer. Mittelalterlicher Judenhof. Luther Gedaechtniskirche. Dreifaltigkeitskirche Speyer. Postal Service's ongoing operations when this tragic incident occurred," a spokesperson for Tishman Speyer said in a statement.

New York State's shutdown order passed by Gov. Andrew Cuomo limits ongoing construction work to "essential" projects and emergency projects being done to fix unsafe conditions.

Work being done in federal government buildings such as post offices is deemed essential, a city Department of Buildings spokesman said.

Thank Reply Share. To request removal of your name from an arrest report, submit these required items to arrestreports patch. The rules of replying: Be respectful.

This is a space for friendly local discussions. No racist, discriminatory, vulgar or threatening language will be tolerated.

Die Person konnte angetroffen und kontrolliert werden und erwartet nunmehr eine entsprechende Strafanzeige. Bei der Tatortaufnahme konnte Als er dann nach rechts auf die Windows Phone Sicherheit abbog, geriet der Fahrer mit dem Anhänger auf die Fahrbahnbegrenzung und der Anhänger kippte um. NN Original-Content von: Polizeipräsidium Westpfalz, übermittelt durch news aktuell. Cookies sind kleine Textdateien, die auf Ihrem Rechner abgelegt werden und die Ihr Browser speichert. Hermeskeil ots - Hermeskeil. Durch die Früherkennung und das rasche Eingreifen der Feuerwehr, sowie der Einsatz eines betriebseigenen Radladers, konnte der Brand von Abfallsäcken in kürzester Zeit gelöscht werden. Speyer Stadt in Rheinland-Pfalz.

Explosion Speyer Video

High Explosive Rollercoaster Onride/POV/Offride Speyer Deutschland

Explosion Speyer - Blaulicht Rheinland-Pfalz

Die Ermittlungen der Polizei Koblenz dauern an. Während der Abwesenheit der Bewohner hebelten sie ein Fenster der Doppelhaushälfte der Geschädigten auf und verschaffte sich so Zutritt in das Haus. Hinweise zur Ursache des Brandes liegen bisher nicht vor.

Explosion Speyer - Trunkenheit im Verkehr

Insgesamt neun Pflanzkübel beschlagnahmte die Polizei. Landau ots - Gegen einen 59 - Jährigen musste am Mittwoch der Taser eingesetzt werden, nachdem er am Städtischen Klinikum randalierte. Älteste zuerst. Unruhiger Freitagabend für die Polizei in Speyer. Eine medizinische Behandlung der Beteiligten war nicht erforderlich. Eine Beteiligte warf eine Glasflasche nach ihrer Bekannten, verfehlte diese jedoch.

Additional emergency forces immediately began rescue measures as well as extinguishing and cooling measures. The fire brigade performed controlled burning of the leaking products in accordance with the fire-fighting concept for compressed gases.

The pipelines that burned included those used for ethylene, propylene, a butylene product mix raffinate , pyrolysis gasoline and ethylhexanol. As of October 17, 9.

Environmental impact: Following the start of the fire, comprehensive air measurements were conducted at the site gate and in areas surrounding the site in Ludwigshafen and Mannheim.

The measurements showed no elevated levels of hazardous substances, as confirmed by the environmental ministry of Rheinland-Pfalz and the city of Ludwigshafen.

Additional measurements conducted by the cities of Speyer, Worms and Frankenthal showed no elevated levels.

Elevated levels measured locally were restricted to the immediate area of the incident. BASF has published the results of the air measurements as well as an overview map online.

Water samples also showed no elevated levels of hazardous substances. A contamination of the ground at the incident site is likely.

This was apparently done with a cutting disc. Maintenance work using an angle grinder was in progress on an adjacent pipeline.

The cut pipeline was not part of this work. This pipeline contained flammable raffinate. According to the current, preliminary evaluation, this could be the chain of causes: The cut pipeline contained a butylene mixture.

BASF assumes that this butylene mixture leaked out and ignited due to the sparks produced by the angle grinder. This could have led to the fire, which caused the described explosion.

BASF will continue to support the relevant authorities during the investigation into the cause of the accident.

Environmental protection, health and safety are important components of the corporate values and objectives. BASF acts responsibly and always gives priority to safety when operating existing plants or planning and constructing new plants.

During the past 10 years, more investments have been made yearly in the Ludwigshafen site than depreciated. As a result the company has been able to renew more than one-third of the fixed assets on-site, thus making it safer and sustainable.

Additionally a total of 10 billion euro has been invested in maintenance and repair, increasing annually. The plants on-site are in reliable condition.

This is confirmed by inspections conducted by various relevant authorities as well as internal audits.

Every year, more than on-site appointments with supervisory authorities take place in Ludwigshafen; of these are announced or unannounced inspections.

Landeshafen North and the damaged pipelines were inspected in September as planned. The inspections resulted in no technical or organizational deficiencies.

Economic effects and next steps: Due to the fire, the raw material supply of the steamcrackers was halted; also other Verbund plants, especially in the ethylene and propylene value chains, were idled or production reduced.

Some of the plants were able to continue producing using existing raw material inventory. Meanwhile several plants, like the steamcrackers, started production.

With the consent of the Romans under Emperor Augustus the Germanic tribe of the Nemetes settled in the region of Speyer; other Germanic tribes from across the Rhine, the Vangiones and Triboci settled in the neighbouring regions of Rheingau and Alsace.

After 20 years, the first fort was replaced by a second one, partially overlapping the former, its northern wall corresponding with the former southern wall of the old fort.

Remains of this fort were found in the Jewish quarter. Its southern wall is assumed to have bordered directly at the edge of the high bank, along which, in those days, the Rhine was flowing.

To the west and to the north the fortifications were made of a system of walls and moats. The erection of the second fort corresponds with the reorganization of the Roman Rhine frontier after the disaster in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest.

The vicinity to the east and west of the forts attracted civilian settlements Vicus which were the impetus for the development of Speyer as a town.

The main vicus stretched to the west from Herdstrasse probably as far as Zeppelinstrasse and a smaller one in the east in the area south of the cathedral.

As of 30 A. The second fort was again replaced by a third one a little further away from the Rhine between the middle-section of Maximilianstrasse and Ludwigstrasse, yet, some of its area still overlapping the former forts.

The reason for the move might have been a flood, lack of space or the need for a renewal. It seems that this last fort was considerably larger than the two former ones.

It existed at least until 74 when the auxiliary troops were moved into the newly conquered territories east of the Rhine.

Speyer was no longer a border post and lost its military significance. As of 83, it became part of the Roman province of Germania superior.

The fort was given up, the vicus was granted self-government and became the capital of the Nemetes area as Civitas Nemetum , overseeing the western Rhenish plain of the Palatinate and northern Alsace.

The same name is mentioned at the beginning of the 3rd century in the Antonine Itinerary , a road handbook of the Roman Empire, and on the Tabula Peutingeriana , another road map from the 3rd century.

The name can also be found on milestones along the Rhine. As the name was shared by many other cities, Speyer was sometimes distinguished as Noviomagus Nemetum "Noviomagus of the Nemetes ".

At a central point of the Roman Rhine valley road, Speyer emerged as a representative town and an administrative regional centre.

Two main streets crossed in the centre of Speyer. The decumanus east—west street was 6—8 m wide, leading from today's cathedral area along Kleine Pfaffengasse past the Königsplatz further to the west.

Along its whole length it was lined with colonnades. A second main street started around today's Hagedorngasse and crossed the decumanus south of today's Kaufhof department store.

Strong foundations found in the area of the Königsplatz are considered to be remnants of a forum with a temple. The size of a part of a Jupiter mythology pillar is similar to a large pillar found in Mainz.

Other findings show there were a market place, wide, public buildings, living quarters, temples and a theatre. It is practically impossible to do any digging below street level without striking remnants of this era.

The numerous finds, for example the oldest preserved and still sealed wine bottle in Germany, the Speyer wine bottle , can be seen in the Historical Museum of the Palatinate Historisches Museum der Pfalz.

Roman Speyer was not spared from upheavals in the migration period. With the completion of the Limes in the 1st century AD Speyer was no longer a border town.

Flourishing times for Speyer continued after the collapse of the Danube border between and in spite of increasing incursions by Germanic tribes across the Limes.

For a while the Romans managed to ward off the attacks of the Alemanni which first appeared in But as of the Limes could no longer contain the constant onslaught of the Alemanni.

The Romans retreated back across the Rhine; Speyer once more became a border town and took in people fleeing from the east. The Alemanni managed to cross the Rhine repeatedly, usually in winter, and in a raid in the town was all but destroyed.

Traces of the fires are still visible on excavation sites but it is not known what happened to the population. In Diocletian had the northern provinces reorganized; civil and military administration were separated and settlements rebuilt.

By the 4th century AD the settlement had recovered and a garrison was established. In the Alemanni led by Chnodomar attacked along the whole Rhine front and conquered the territory to the west of the river.

Yet the raids of the Alemanni continued. The settlement was not rebuilt. Instead, Valentinian I had the Rhine frontier fortified and small units, each with their own names, posted in garrisons along the river.

In Speyer this happened at least by and it was now called Nemetae. As a refuge for the inhabitants a stronghold was built on the cathedral hill around with walls 2.

Its northern section ran parallel to the northern side of the later cathedral. The southern section corresponded with the outline of the high banks of the Rhine, today the southern wall of the historical museum where a harbour was constructed.

During excavations in the s remnants of boats were found there. Other findings within the fortified area indicate that an early Christian community existed within these walls.

A first Bishop of Speyer is mentioned for the year The grave sites found in the area indicate that the population outside the fort was still heathen.

It also seems that some Alemanni were allowed to settle in the area with the consent of the Romans. In the beginning of the 5th century AD the whole Roman Rhine border disintegrated under the onslaught of Germanic tribes pushing across the river.

A richly endowed grave of a prince found in Altlussheim near Speyer attests to the presence of Alans, Huns or Eastern Germanic tribes at that time.

It is assumed that Romans and Romanized country folk left sooner and that people in the towns held out longer.

The Romans tried to hold the border by handing its defence to Germanic Foederati , friendly tribes who settled in the areas west of the Rhine.

In the province of Germania superior in the area of Speyer these were the Franks , but they also were unable to prevent invasions such as in Initially, the tribes crossing the Rhine continued further west into Gaul.

As of the acquisition of land for farms can be observed around Speyer. Three such settlements were found at the Woogbach and in the Rosssprung area.

From on, the Romans gave up holding the Rhine as a border and the troops of the Speyer garrison were integrated into the Roman army. Immigration of Germanic peoples increased.

Thus, the decline of Roman lifestyle between Speyer and Strasbourg proceeded much faster than further north between Worms and Cologne.

Surprisingly, this site contained finds from the northern Germanic tribe of the Saxons. Because of similar finds further north near Mainz and Trier , it is assumed that tribes other than Alamanni settled in the area.

Winternheim, probably a village of weavers, existed until the 12th century and had its own parish church, St.

Around the same time another settlement, Altspeyer , developed in the area of today's main train station, also called Villa Spira. The fort most likely still existed around but the extent of the Romanized population is not known.

Administratively, the Franks followed the example of their Roman predecessors and Speyer became the seat of the Speyergau county with roughly the same outlines as the previous Roman Civitas Nemetum.

Romanized civil servants and bishops from southern Gaul were transferred to the Rhine. The eastward expansion of the Frankish kingdom beyond the Rhine also ended a time of economic isolation for Speyer as old and new travel routes opened and trade relations developed.

The area was eventually settled by Franks permanently and became part of the emerging Frankish Empire. Around , many new settlements sprung up; in the area of Speyer these were Altspeyer, Winternheim, Marrenheim, Heiligenstein, Mechtersheim, Otterstadt and Waldsee.

The Alemanni were heathen and it is assumed that the bishopric of Speyer had succumbed in the migration period. The Franks, whose King Chlodwig converted, re-established the diocese in the 5th century and extended its territories east of the Rhine.

Bishop Hilderic of Speyer is mentioned in the records as a participant of the synod of Paris in national council of the Frankish empire reunited by Chlothar II.

The first churches and monasteries in Speyer including a cathedral were built in the 6th and 7th centuries, Among them was the earliest verifiable church of St.

Germain was to the south of Speyer outside the town and, considering the time, was quite large length: Another church was St. Stephen on the site of the modern day state archives south of the cathedral, also outside the town.

For some time it was the predecessor of the cathedral and the burial site of the bishops. A fourth church was St. Maximus of which the site is not known.

With the establishment of a bishopric and the construction of a fortified residence for bishops Speyer became a centre of worldly and spiritual power.

Around , the Frankish King Sigebert III , granted Bishop Principus the tithe of all royal estates in the Speyergau and the church was exempt from paying taxes to the comes.

This included a number of revenues and was confirmed to Bishop Freido on 25 June by Charlemagne during the Saxon wars. The granting of privileges was to become an important means of kings and emperors to create loyal supports across the country against the local nobility.

The increasing power of the bishops in turn created growing tensions with the ascending bourgeoisie and the county nobility and the emperors.

The resulting feuds would shape the history of Speyer for almost six centuries. The Carolingians established a royal palace Königspfalz in Speyer which served as a temporary seat of the kings and emperors.

Charlemagne visited Speyer several times and in Louis the Pious for the first time held court in town, the starting point of 50 diets held in Speyer in the following years.

Lord of the town was the comes district count — Gaugraf appointed by the king. But power gradually shifted to the bishops because of various rights and privileges granted by the king.

In Carolingian times, Speyer was of no great importance. The kings only spent a short time there, e. Charlemagne in August , Lothair I in or Louis the German in , but the power of the church in Speyer continued to grow.

Apart from the royal privileges, the economic basis for Speyer's bishops were their acquired possessions, substantial estates, customs and ferry levies as well as the prerogative of coinage received in the 10th century.

The immunity privileges granted to church and bishops, confirmed and extended in by Emperor Otto the Great and by Henry IV in placed Speyer under the protection, control and rule of the bishops.

The increasing power of the bishops and the church led to repeated tensions involving the nobility of the Speyergau and the emperor in which the emerging bourgeoisie was to become a fourth party.

The struggle of the town with the bishop and the church would become a recurring feature of Speyer's history during the ensuing six centuries.

In this respect, Speyer is exemplary for the history of many cities of the former Holy Roman Empire. According to scriptures, through the times, there were several cathedrals in Speyer.

The first one was built by Dagobert I around for the bishops of Speyer. In the end of the 8th century St. Stephan's was either renewed or totally reconstructed.

Mary or St. In Bishop Gebhard — consecrated a second cathedral. Therefore, the existence of a Carolingian cathedral in Speyer is assumed but remnants were never found.

When Louis the Pious died, the empire was partitioned among his three sons. With the rapid development of the stem duchies within the kingdom, Speyer became part of the Duchy of Franconia.

In the following years Speyer bishops participated in numerous synods and engaged in negotiations in Paris and Rome at the request of the emperor.

Arnulf died without an heir and kingship passed to the Franconian duke Conrad I. The first major conflict between bishop and count is known to have occurred during Conrad's reign in Einhard I of Speyer and other bishops supported Conrad I in a struggle with opposing dukes.

District count Werner V, progenitor of the Salian dynasty tended to expand his territories at the expense of the church and had Bishop Einhard blinded on 12 March The bishop never recovered and died in On 13 March , the Salian Conrad the Red , duke of Lorraine and count of Speyergau, son of Werner V and son-in-law of Otto I, granted Bishop Reginald I rights and possessions which included important sources of income for the church, e.

This decisively strengthened the position of the bishop because already three years before he had received jurisdictional and commercial rights and other taxes.

Speyer effectively came under the reign of the bishop. It is also considered a landmark in the urban development of Speyer that the content of the charter of was made public to the clergy as well as to the townspeople.

Yet, the increase of the bishop's power did not end there. Otto I also counted on the support of the bishops, expanding a kind of imperial church system.

On his campaign in Italy in , where he was accompanied by the Speyer Bishop Ottgar, he granted ecclesiastical immunity to the church and bishops of Speyer including an own jurisdiction, total control of the mint and tolls.

This privilege was confirmed by Henry IV in placing Speyer firmly under the protection, control and rule of the bishops. By the 12th century Speyer was one of the most important mints in the empire.

The first wall of the yet small town is confirmed in and was commissioned by the bishop. The town covered an area of around 8—14 ha between the cathedral, today's Dreifaltigkeitskirche and Webergasse.

There is first mention of a suburb in settled by tradesmen and merchants and the village of Altspeyer in the immediate vicinity to the north of Speyer.

Although these settlements were outside the walls, they were also under the jurisdiction of the bishop. Yet, Ottonian Speyer was still largely an agricultural settlement.

In the bishop recruited 20 armed horsemen for Otto's I campaign in Italy. Worms, e. In the 10th century, after a time of stagnation, the population grew and the economy picked up again.

A harbour developed at the Speyerbach estuary, adjoined by a wood market and a fish market. The Ottonian layout of the streets disappeared completely and within the following years the urban layout developed which is still present today.

It was the start of Speyer's most glorious era which was to last into the 15th century. The history of Speyer was at the same time the history of the empire.

The development of the town in jumps and strides is reflected in two quotations from the 10th and 11th centuries, although they should not be taken verbally.

This is not to be understood in the modern sense, but as a reference to the town as a centre of political gravity.

The year marked a decisive event in the history of the town. The Salians placed the town in the centre of imperial politics and made it the spiritual centre of the Salian kingdom.

They started a patronage of town and church which would be continued by the House of Hohenstaufen.

When Conrad and his wife Gisela were not travelling, they usually lived at nearby Limburg Abbey in Speyergau and often visited Speyer. After he had been crowned emperor, in , Conrad commissioned the construction of the Speyer Cathedral on the site of a former smaller cathedral.

Work commenced in , according to some sources in It is assumed that the Speyerbach was channelled to bring building materials from the Palatine Forest sandstone and wood.

The construction of a cathedral with dimensions unknown up to date underlined the increasing importance of Speyer and was the decisive impetus for the further development of the town.

The construction, spanning several decades, brought many craftsmen, merchants and artists. Conrad invited experienced master-builders, such as Regimbald of Dillingen from St.

The crypt was consecrated in , the main altar in and the cathedral in It was the largest church of its time and, in its monumentality and significance, symbolized imperial power and Christianity.

It became the primary church and mausoleum of the Salian dynasty and the burial place of eight German emperors and kings.

With the Abbey of Cluny in ruins, the Speyer Cathedral remains the largest Romanesque church to this very day.

It had become a custom in Carolingian times that bishops expanded their residences in order to host kings or emperors on tour.

The palace was 74 metres long, 16 metres wide and had three floors with heights of 6 metres each. It had its own chapel and was linked to the northeastern corner of the cathedral.

The dimensions and elaborate architectural design were exceptional for profane buildings in the Salian era. Altogether, cathedral and additions presented a representative assembly of stately buildings with nothing comparable in the Salian empire.

The extensive construction works drew many people to Speyer and expansions of the town became necessary.

A new layout of streets developed that still exists today: three streets fanning out from the cathedral to the northwest, to the west and to the southwest.

Although the street has partially been narrowed, the original width is still visible on both ends, most notably between the cathedral and Alte Münz.

The first expansion of the town was by about 50 ha and the walls were completed around To the north, just east of today's train station, the suburb of Altspeyer including the Jewish quarter also had been walled.

Under the reign of the Salians three abbeys were established as endowments see Stift : St. John's later St. Guido on the Weidenberg, a minor elevation between Speyer and the suburb of Altspeyer, St.

Germain on the Germansberg, another small elevation outside of the town walls to the south and All-Saints within the city walls in the southern part of the town.

Conrad II died 4 June and was laid to rest in the cathedral which was still under construction. At the consecration of the main altar in , he donated the evangelistary gospel book known as the Speyer Gospels today in Madrid , in which it says "Spira fit insignis Heinrici munere regis Speyer is awarded and elevated by the beneficial work of King Henry ".

They were ceremoniously interred in the new abbey of St. John's, which later became the Stift of St.

The cathedral was also presented with the skull of pope Stephanus, one of its two patron saints.

Along with Goslar and Regensburg , Speyer became one of Henry's favorite residences in the empire. After his death he was buried on 28 October with great ceremony in the presence of Pope Victor II in the yet unfinished cathedral next to his father.

Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos — gave the cathedral a valuable antipendium appendage which covers the entire front of the altar in and Empress Beatrix died donated a gold, silver and ivory reliquary cupboard.

The political relations between the Speyer and the empire intensified and Henry IV confirmed the charter of privileges immunity charter which had been granted to Speyer by his father.

The Speyer bishops Heinrich I. Huzman remained excommunicated for life because of his partisanship for the emperor.

In , Henry VI commissioned considerable changes to the cathedral Speyer II bringing another spurt in growth for the town.

Until the eastern sections of the building were demolished leaving only the lower floors and the crypt of Speyer I intact. The nave was elevated by five metres and the flat wooden ceiling replaced with a groin vault of square bays at an elevation of 33 metres representing one of the outstanding achievements of Romanesque architecture.

The emperor not only laid claim to secular but also to ecclesiastical power and with the magnificence and splendour of this cathedral he underlined this bold demand.

The purpose of the building, already a strong motive for Conrad, was the emperor's "claim to a representative imperial Roman architecture" in light of the continuing struggle with Pope Gregory VII.

Thus, the Speyer Cathedral is also seen as a symbol of the Investiture Controversy. Because of his excommunication, he was first put to rest in the unconsecrated Afra chapel of the cathedral.

It was only in , when Henry IV's excommunication was revoked that his son, Henry V, had the body moved into the cathedral alongside his predecessors.

In the beginning of the following century, another expansion of the town became necessary. Between and , the staple market at the Speyerbach today Fishmarket Square was included within the city walls.

Bartholomew, St. Jacob and St. Peter is an indication of a growing population. As of the end of the 11th century, Spira became the only name used for the town.

Conrad II and his predecessors furnished the cathedral chapter with estates and reeve rights with which it had a successful and strong economical base.

These assets included the area of Bruchsal with Lusshard Forest and possessions scattered along the upper Neckar River, in the northern Black Forest , in modern-day Palatine and in the Kraichgau district as well as farther away in the Hunsrück Mountains, the Nahe Hills and the Hessian Mountains.

Virtually the whole district of Speyergau was gradually transferred into the hands of the church. In the years to come, Speyer developed an autonomous municipal law.

Speyer's Rhine harbour at mouth of the Speyerbach is first mentioned in Along the upper Rhine, the staple market of Speyer was third in size and Speyer was the largest trading centre for wine.

Other commodities were cloth, spices, grains, fruit, grindstones, pottery and arms. During his tenure his bishopric received additional estates in the area of Rastatt.

Afra adjoining the cathedral. His son, Henry V had him ceremoniously transferred into the royal chancel of the cathedral proper on August 14, In , the first recorded Jewish community emerged in Speyer at the instigation of the Bishop Rüdiger Huzmann.

It is quite possible that Jews already settled in Speyer in pre-Christian times. The bishop invited Jews to move to Speyer and settled them in the former suburb of Altspeyer which he had surrounded by a wall for their protection.

Along with this invitation the bishop granted the Jews rights and privileges which went well beyond contemporary practice.

These rights were confirmed by Henry IV in and became an example for Jews' privileges in many cities of the empire. A Jewish quarter soon also developed next to the bishops' district near the cathedral.

Its centre, the Jews' Court Judenhof , contained a men's and a women's synagogue and the mikveh. The ruins of the Speyer Synagogue are the oldest visible remnants of such a building in central Europe.

The mikveh , first mentioned in , has remained almost unchanged to this day and is still supplied by fresh groundwater.

For two centuries the Speyer Jewish community was among the most important of the Empire and, in spite of pogroms, persecution and expulsion, had considerable influence on Ashkenazi culture and the spiritual and cultural life of the town.

Nevertheless, anti-Semitism and persecution was no less virulent in Speyer than in other places and with one notable exception the Jewish community shared the fate of most others.

On August 14, , the day of his father's funeral in the Speyer cathedral, Henry V granted the city extraordinary privileges. Speyer became the first city in the Holy Roman Empire in which its citizens were granted personal freedoms as laid out in the Great Freedom Charter.

For Speyer this marked a big step in the development of becoming a free imperial city. The inscription was later lost when the cathedral was damaged.

Among other things, the charter freed the citizens of Speyer from the oppressive inheritance tax, from duties and the fees and tolls of the city and it granted the right to be heard when coins were to be devaluated.

The charter became a precondition for a free citizenry with a unified legal status, e. It was an example for similar rights later granted to other cities in the empire and also highlighted the emperor's interest in strengthening the citizenry as a counterweight against the power of the bishops.

The city of Speyer remaining loyal to Henry V chased the bishop out of town. This was the first recorded political action of the Speyer citizenry.

Henry, having come to terms with the pope, died without children in Utrecht and was the last Salian emperor to be interred in the Speyer cathedral.

As with Henry IV, Speyer had been one of his favourite residences. In the ensuing struggle for the royal crown the Welf candidate sponsored by the archbishop of Mainz, Lothar III succeeded to the throne on 13 September The Staufers took refuge in Speyer.

In the Imperial Chronicle it says that they expressed their gratitude by making it their principal town. In King Lothar and Archbishop Adalbert put Speyer, which by then must have been totally surrounded by walls, under siege and it had to surrender short of starvation.

Lothar III stayed in Speyer twice for longer periods of time in and He continued the practice of the Salians in keeping a common residence with the bishops in Speyer and the cathedral school as an imperial chancellery.

The emperor also continued to rely on the support of the Speyer bishops holding most important offices of the empire.

Two brass plates in the cathedral commemorate this event. In , Conrad's nephew, Frederick I confirmed and expanded the privileges for Speyer granted in The script is the oldest document in the Speyer city archives.

Unlike the people of Speyer, the inhabitants of the prince-bishopric outside the city walls remained serfs of the bishop under the old inheritance law well into modern history.

Frederick had planned to be interred in the cathedral after his death but never returned from the Third Crusade. Therefore, his second wife Beatrice of Burgundy and his little daughter Agnes were put to rest in the cathedral in The crown passed to Frederick's son Henry VI whose reign was marked by the dispute with the church, opposing princes and by the secession of Sicily.

In December , Richard I of England was taken captive near Vienna on his return from the Third Crusade and handed over to Henry IV in Speyer on March 28, who imprisoned him in Trifels Castle for almost a year until England paid a royal ransom of , marks 65, pounds of silver.

Presumably it was in this time, that Henry IV granted the town the liberty to elect a council of twelve citizens from their midst.

The original document is lost but the privilege was confirmed in January by Philip of Swabia in a contract with the city. Thus, with the apparent approval of the bishop, Philip legitimatized the city council charter, which also made its way in Lübeck , Utrecht and Strasbourg around the turn of the century.

It is especially remarkable, that the twelve councilors were neither appointed by the bishop nor were they required to swear an oath on him.

Henry's three-year-old son was too young to take the crown, and a struggle between Staufers and Welfs for the throne ensued. In the treaty of mentioned above, Speyer again sided with the Staufers and agreed to mutual aid with Henry's youngest brother, Philip of Swabia.

His supporters crowned him that same year, while Otto IV of Brunswick was crowned as the candidate of the Welfs.

In the spring of , the princes supporting the Staufers assembled in Speyer to affirm Philipp's right to the crown. In a note of protest to the pope they denounced his right to participate in the election of the German king, not to mention to declare it legitimate.

They demanded that the Pope no longer infringe on the imperial rights in Italy. The princes threatened to come to Rome in order to enforce Philipp's coronation as emperor.

That same year, Otto besieged Speyer without success, where his opponent Philip sojourned. In , Philip held a diet in Speyer and, after he beat Otto in battle in , the tide in the power struggle turned in his favour.

Otto IV, becoming king after all, tried to make amends with Speyer by confirming the privileges of , but in vain.

In the Treaty of Speyer of 22 March he renewed his promise to the pope Oath of Neuss about the territories in Italy which he never held. As of , important functions of the city were taken by citizens and from that time on the council used its own seal.

With these privileges, Speyer continued to lead the way in the empire. The role of the city council consolidated during the 13th century and a city court evolved.

Under his reign, the cathedral school evolved into the diplomat school of the empire. That same year, a hospital run by the Teutonic Order is documented in Speyer.

In , the Franciscan Cesarius of Speyer began his mission in Germany. The 13th century in Speyer was characterised by the struggle for power in the city.

In the beginning there were more and more signs that the city council increasingly acted independently and that its constitution took on institutional traits.

In , the city council was referred to as universitas consiliariorum and in as consiliarii Spirensis cum universo eorum collegio. In and , for the first time, it signed contracts in its own name, e.

Eventually, legal jurisdiction cognisance passed over from the church to the city. During the throne quarrel of Frederick II, the cities were encouraged to more independence.

In the mid-twenties of the 13th century, Speyer joined a federation of cities with Mainz, Worms, Bingen, Frankfurt, Gelnhausen and Friedberg.

Yet, mainly at the instigation of the church, this federation was prohibited at the diet of the new imperial regent , Louis I, Duke of Bavaria in November It concerned violations against peace and order in the city.

In that context, for the first time, two mayors of Speyer are mentioned. In , the city council appears as independently acting institution, referring to itself as Consules et universi cives Spirenses.

In the 13th century a number of monasteries settled in Speyer. In the Order of the Holy Sepulchre took over the monastery of the Augustinian nuns which was located in the suburb of Altspeyer.

Cistercians established a monastery on the site of today's Wittelsbacher Hof on Ludwigstrasse in It was a branch of the renowned Eusserthal Abbey in the Palatine Forest.

In , Magdalen nuns from St. Leon settled in Speyer and later requested to be accepted into the Dominican Order. Their monastery St.

Magdalen is the oldest still in existence in Speyer today. In the Dominicans came to Speyer; their church was today's Ludwigskirche in Korngasse.

Augustinians built a monastery at today's Willi-Brandt-Platz around the middle of the century, Carmelites had a monastery at today's Postplatz and in Poor Clares started one on St.

Many monasteries maintained trade posts in other cities; in Speyer alone there were 19 such posts, 12 of which belonged to various Cistercian abbeys.

The Speyer cathedral chapter Domkapitel, capitulum was an ecclesiastical corporate body of approximately 30 canons, or clergy ordained for religious duties in the church.

The chapter mainly assisted the bishop to govern the diocese, but formed a body distinct from him, with the authority to make its own statutes and regulations.

The chapter elected the bishop and ruled the diocese during episcopal vacancies. The chapter eventually became wholly aristocratic in composition and in the pope decreed that only members of the nobility or aristocracy were to be admitted.

The nobility of the city strove to have a family member in the chapter. The chapter owned property and appointed officials to administer its possessions which were not under the control of the bishop.

Henry III, who made several donations of property to the chapter in and , even specified with the first of these that the bishop was to be excluded from its administration.

Each capitular canon Domkapitular or Domherr, canonicus capitularis had the right to a prebend Pfründe or income and was required to reside near the cathedral church, unless granted leave.

Each canon had to perform his duties personally, including choir service. Head of the chapter was originally the cathedral provost Dompropst, praepositus , the highest dignitary after the bishop.

From the end of the 12th century, leadership passed to the cathedral dean Domdekan, decanus. The chapter was an important factor in the city's economy because it operated various administrative departments cellar, barn, granary, portal, factory, ornaments, and bakery , staffed by cathedral vicars Domvikare, vicarii who carried out their duties under the supervision of a capitular canon.

There were approximately seventy vicars associated with the Speyer cathedral. Three libraries were associated with the cathedral: the cathedral library, comprising liturgical books and books forming part of the cathedral treasure , such as the codex aureus, the palace library of the bishop as of c.

In August Speyer was occupied by troops of the margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach. They plundered the cathedral and its associated buildings.

The margrave had in mind to hand the books to his stepfather and had them brought to the nearby house of the Deutsche Orden.

But the books were saved for the library owing to the hurried departure of the troops on 24 August. All the known and extant copies of the Notitia Dignitatum , a unique document of the Roman imperial chanceries and one of the very few surviving documents of Roman government, are derived, either directly or indirectly, from the Codex Spirensis which is known to have existed in the library of the cathedral chapter.

The codex contained a collection of documents of which the Notitia was the last and largest document, occupying pages that brought together several previous documents of which one was of the 9th century.

It is last attested in the available documents in — The second half of the 13th century was characterised by the fierce disputes between city and bishop and, most of all, between city and the ecclesiastical endowments.

The disputes were yet intensified by the Investiture Controversy. The four Speyer collegiate endowments Cathedral Chapter, St.

Germain, Weiden Stift and Trinity Stift were a major unified force in the city representing all the priests as ecclesiae Spirenses and vying with the bishop and the city for power.

They didn't even shrink from adulterating their own history to achieve their aims which were not always the same as the bishop's.

Especially the cathedral chapter evolved into the actual adversary of the Speyer citizenry. There were frequent threats against each other, economic sanctions, punitive and counter measures concerning taxes and revenues.

The church neither wanted to forego revenues nor pay dues to the city. In turn, the citizenry refused payments to the church. Bishop Beringer of Entringen, for example, threatened to excommunicate those citizens that did not fulfill their interest payments to the Speyer canons.

The power struggle between the pope and the emperor added to the heat of this conflict. The citizenry always sided with the emperor while the clergy took sides with the pope.

Emperor and pope rewarded their followers with privileges. Thus, in , Frederick II returned the Speyerbach to the city and permission for the fall fair in must be seen in that light.

In and , the popes Gregory IX and Innocent confirmed estates in Heiligenstein and Deidesheim and extensive rights for the cathedral chapter.

On July 30, , Pope Innocent even took people and estates of the cathedral under his special protection. At this, Frederick II ordered the expulsion of the clergy from Speyer.

It is not known whether this order was executed. In July , Speyer and 58 other cities created the Rhenish League of Cities and Princes which proclaimed a general Landfrieden for 10 years.

The cities also signed an agreement about taxes. This league put the cities in a position to demand the confirmation of privileges from the king and or pope for conduct in their favour.

Yet, the alliance dissolved again in Should Alfonso not accept the election, Speyer and Worms would vote for another king. In the eyes of the collegiate endowments, it was the bishops' leniency towards the city that caused the erosion of church power in the city.

This leniency was vehemently opposed, especially by the cathedral chapter which felt impaired by the octroi levied by the city.

Bishop Henry of Leiningen had yielded to the city the right to collect octroi on wine for 5 years. In return, the city council abstained from the free election of the council which had been conceded to it long ago.

Yet, for the collegiate endowments this concession by the bishop went too far and in they formed an alliance against this agreement.

The occasion was that citizens of Speyer allegedly destroyed buildings and plantations of the endowment clergy and that the church felt exposed to harassment.

As a counter measure they decided that neither council members, other citizens or their relatives down to the fourth generation would be allowed to become canons or friars of the Speyer church or to receive benefices.

The octroi still would not be paid. Not only the endowment clergy but also the episcopalian court house, citizens and Jews were subject to violence.

This revolt constituted the first open and serious resistance of at least a part of the citizenry against the bishop and the clergy.

The leaders with their families and backers were banished from the city in December and found refuge with the Count of Leiningen. Yet, the tension between clergy and citizenry continued.

Without success he advocated the restitution of the rebels which had been banished from the city. Under the reign of Rudolf, Speyer served as an example for city foundations and elevations of city statuses, e.

Neutstadt , Germersheim , Heilbronn or Godramstein With Otto of Bruchsal, provost of St. Guido, clergyman from Speyer became court chancellor of the king.

In , the city chamberlain tried to bring the cathedral clergy before a secular court. In turn, he was banished by the church, yet without consequences, as he remained a member of the city council.

In the meantime there were quarrels not only about the octroi but about wine serving and dues on the export of grain.

As the church continued to refuse any payments the city decreed a ban on exports. On Good Friday in , cathedral deacon Albert of Mussbach was murdered.

The perpetrator s were never caught and possibly even covered by the city. The pope demanded the investigation of the complaints by the church of Speyer and the city expanded its measures against the clergy.

The citizens were forbidden to buy wine from the church. Bakers were not allowed to grind their grain in mills owned by the church. In addition, the city began construction of 2 towers by the cathedral and next to the houses of the endowment clergy.

In , the endowments complained to the pope that the city demanded payment of a buying and sales tax, that it forbade its citizens to buy wine in their buildings and that it banned the export of wine and grain for the purpose of avoiding the market and sales taxes.

On April 13, , the bishop felt impelled to yield. With his pledge to respect all privileges of the city, for the first time he unconditionally acknowledged the privileges of Speyer.

The city immediately proceeded to safeguard its power by engaging the military service of knight John of Lichtenstein against all enemies for 1 year.

On this occasion, the 4 endowments again unified their forces to defend their rights and privileges in Speyer. This economic warfare grew in intensity.

In an arbitration by King Rudolf on October 21, , it is stated that the ban on the export of grain was renewed after the clergy wanted to sell it outside of Speyer at a higher price.

Also, the city banned the import and sale of wine by the clergy with the intention to undercut the price of wine within the city and make a profit.

Thereupon the clergy left town and the bishop, in vain, declared an interdict. He also dismissed the episcopal office-holders and dissolved the judicial courts.

The offices were taken up by citizens. But a compromise found in the context of the arbitration could not solve the old conflicts.

For the time being, wine serving and jurisdiction were left aside. This effectively excluded the holders of the most important episcopal offices from the city council.

Rudolf I died on July 15, , in Speyer and was entombed in the cathedral. The sculpture on his tomb slab is a true-to-life depiction of the king created only shortly after his death and is considered an outstanding artistic accomplishment of that era.

In September , the council of Speyer submitted a solemn protest concerning the bishop's overbearing actions.

It was read out in all churches of the city. On October 31 that same year, Bishop Frederick of Bolanden and the city signed a contract in which basically all the longstanding demands of Speyer were met and which codified the termination of episcopal power in the city.

The bishop would staff law courts and offices at the recommendation of the city council. He could arrest neither clerics nor laymen without proof of guilt.

An arrangement for the sale of wine was yet to be found. The contract also contained a passage, that the banishment of the insurgents in was unjust and that the heirs would be allowed back into the city.

This contract ended the domination of the city by the bishops and Speyer became a free imperial city. Yet the conflict with the endowments about the privileges was far from settled.

In connection with the century-long conflict between city and church there is one of the earliest records of Carnival in Germany.

The clergy accused a number of council members of various violent acts, e. Apparently, these assaults were reason for the cathedral chapter to file suits against the council and the citizens and to threaten with excommunications.

Because of the determined reaction of the city, the matter fizzled out. Yet, it is telling that in this time of great religiousness, people were not sufficiently deterred by such threats of the church as not to partake in such carnival mischief.

On February 2, , Bishop Frederick agreed not to impose any excommunication, inhibition or interdict before the accused was duly cited and found guilty.

Thus, the resentment of the endowments was directed at the bishop and they continued to oppose the loss of their privileges. It was only in that the archbishop of Mainz worked out a mediation.

In the meantime, King Adolf granted Speyer additional privileges. In a document of he put the citizens of Speyer and Worms directly under his protection.

In return, the 2 cities promised the king their support. The citizenry was granted the right only to be tried in their own town.

In addition, ownership of the diverted Speyerbach was returned to Speyer. In , Speyer was adjudged the proceeds of the Jews in the city.

King Adolf was killed. Speyer soon allied itself with King Albert against the Rhenish electors and in he confirmed the privileges of the city which became his favoured place of residence.

In , Albert officially granted Speyer the right to levy the sales tax. In spite of the mediation efforts by the archbishop of Mainz, the quarrels continued.

King Albert had to promise to the Speyer clergy capitulatio caesarea that he would rescind the concessions made to the city. Also, a squad of 60 mounted soldiers was assembled to fight against the Speyer citizenry.

Speyer denied the bishop homage as well as entry into the city and banned the sale of wine by clerics and the payment of interest to the church.

In the following 7 months, warlike operations laid waste to the countryside in the vicinity of Speyer and the courts of the church.

On October 4, , the warring parties signed a treaty in which all the demands of the citizenry were met. Even the ban against selling wine to the clergy remained in force.

The power of the bishops was confined to the area of immunity around the cathedral resulting in two distinct political entities within Speyer's city walls.

The controversy in Speyer between citizenry and clergy "generalis discordia" played only a minor role in the 14th century.

In the contest for the throne between the House of Wittelsbach and the House of Habsburg , Speyer again stood in the centre of imperial policies.

Against this background, a power struggle in the city council ensued between the minters' cooperative and the guilds. In the beginning, the development of an urban establishment was a by-product of the bishop's rule of the city.

The aristocratic and common servants as well as the experienced and rich citizens evolved into an administrative ruling class which was of decisive importance in the development of the cities.

The minters' coop had a long-time monopoly for monetary transactions, making them very influential with established close links to the monarchy.

From on, the ruling class merged with the merchants, the local nobility of the area and mainly the minters coop into a new establishment with hitherto unknown economical power.

The beginnings of the guilds in Speyer are not documented. When they were first mentioned in the beginning of the 14th century, they were already highly organized.

Cloth manufacturing in Speyer was pivotal. For that purpose the area of Speyer had turned into a centre for growing dyer's madder.

The guild citizenry made up the largest portion of Speyer's population. Another fifth each refers to textile manufacturing and services trade, serving wine, transportation, and markets.

Then there was fur and leather processing and trade, building trade, metal working and, not least, city employees and supervision staff. Some trades were located predominantly or only in a certain area of Speyer.

The tanners were in the western part of the suburb of Hasenpfuhl, the boatmen Hasenpfühler around the harbour area along the Speyerbach, the gardeners in the Gilgen-suburb, the fishermen in the Fisher-suburb.

The guild houses of the chandlers, shoemakers and blacksmiths settled south of the big market street, the bakers, butchers, tailors, wine sellers, weavers and masons on the northern side.

As a result of increasing pressure by the guilds, in it was agreed to compose the council with 11 members of the minters' coop and 13 of the guilds and that each group would furnish a mayor.

Yet, by , through skilled manoeuvering the minters' coop managed to hold all the council seats in their hands. During a diet in , Henry VII had the remains of Adolf of Nassau and Albert I , opponents in the battle of Göllheim transferred to Speyer and entombed next to each other in the cathedral.

These were the last two kings to be buried in Speyer. On March 20, , 13 guilds of Speyer joined into a confederation for mutual aid and enforced new council rules.

There would be 16 guild members and 15 members of the minters' coop, successfully ending the sole reign of the latter.

From that day on, documents were certified by the 2 mayors alone, not by the whole council. The revolt of Severin's Day was thwarted and the instigators were banished from Speyer.

The minters lost their last privilege in when a pure guild constitution for Speyer was accepted. From then on, the coop members had to organise themselves along the lines of the guilds which made them one group among 14 others.

Speyer took up fifth place among the imperial cities on the Rhenish Bench and it had a seat and one vote in the Upper Rhenish Circle. In and Speyer hosted the association of imperial cities.

The agreement on the balanced council did not end political conflicts in Speyer. The second half of the 14th century started with the destruction and expulsion of the Jewish community , epidemics and Flagellant campaigns.

The following decades were characterised by the power struggle between various factions of influential Speyer families. The city was under heavy financial burdens because of various payments it had to make for its alliances.

The bishop and disempowered minters played upon the people's dissatisfaction. The citizens were outraged at the power games of Rudolf of Offenburg, councillor in and one of the mayors in He was banished from town for disturbing the peace, slander and forming malicious power groups and found exile with Margrave Rudolf IV of Baden.

His opponents, the Frispecher family, filled in the influential vacancies, facilitated by the council election rules of This, in turn, led to an open revolt against the city council headed by the minter Henry of Landau.

Together with 13 citizens he sacked the council and asked Rudolf of Offenburg back into the city. Yet, the revolt failed as they couldn't secure the formal approval by the citizenry.

Everybody was in arms and a fight was only avoided after arbitration by city councillors from Mainz and Worms. Heinrich of Landau and Rudolf of Offenburg both fled; some followers were apprehended and executed.

Heinrich of Landau found refuge with Speyer Bishop Adolf of Nassau who had been in a feud with the city since Their attempt to lay siege to Speyer in failed.

Henry's contacts in Speyer were discovered and executed. Count Palatine Ruprecht the elder had to broker a contract of atonement between the city and the bishop.

In , a conspiracy within the city council was uncovered. Background was the rivalry between the families of the Frispechers and the Fritzes.

After this coup was thwarted the power of the council somewhat stabilized but it was increasingly engrossed by the oligarchy of the guilds.

The controversy between city, bishop and clergy continued to smolder in the background. Because of this the city suffered from the considerable loss of revenues.

Therefore, in , it prohibited citizens to buy wine from the clergy outside allocated times. In , this ban was expanded.

In , members of the cloth were excluded from citizen's rights which was meant to impede the function of the clerical court. At least some of the clergy then applied for citizen's rights.

In the second half of the 14th century it also became apparent, that the Speyer bishops would never give up their claim to lordship over the city.

While the bishop managed to get the support of Charles IV and particularly of the Count Palatine , the city could not anymore count on the unlimited backing of the emperor.

Explosion Speyer Video

Speyer Wohnhausbrand Aktuelle Nachrichten: ✓ POL-PDLU: Speyer - Jugendlicher erpresst Bargeld und wird auf der Flucht von Polizei gestellt (00/) ✓ POL-PDLU: Speyer. Speyer – Explosion in einem Vorgarten am Mittwoch in der Kolbstraße. Als ein Arbeiter ein Abwasserrohr abflext, kommt es plötzlich zur. Speyer - DIE RHEINPFALZ. Speyer: Die Polizei-News Speyer: Die Polizei-News. Speyer - Jugendlicher erpresst Bargeld und wird auf der Flucht von Polizei gestellt , Explosion Speyer From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the Ellie Goulding song, see Explosions song. BASF immediately informed the affected customers and is in close contact with them to keep them informed about the current availability of products. The contract also contained a passage, Book Of Ra Bwin the banishment of the insurgents Greentube Casino was unjust and that the heirs would be allowed back into the city. With the completion of the Limes in the 1st century AD Speyer was no longer a border town. Yet, mainly at the instigation Online Wm the church, this federation was prohibited at the diet of the new imperial regentLouis I, Duke of Bavaria Gewinn Verlust Rechner November In addition, Speyer hosted imperial delegation diets, e. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Mit Verkehrsbehinderungen im umliegenden Bereich ist zu rechnen. In die Zukunft investieren statt … Weiterlesen Doppelkopf De Jetzt anmelden und beitragen. Hoher Sachschaden beim Ausparken. Klaus Tschira Stiftung. Blaulicht-Meldungen aus Speyer. Hierzu wurden an allen drei Containern die Schlossblenden abgehebelt, ein Eindringen in die Container misslang jedoch. Neben G Casino Aberdeen Parfüm im Wert von 90 Euro. Daraufhin zog eine weitere 13jährige Beteiligte ein Tierabwehrspray aus der Tasche und Casino Slot Machines For Sale in die Gruppe. Rückfragen bitte an: Polizeidirektion Worms Telefon: www. Original-Content von: Polizeipräsidium Rheinpfalz, übermittelt durch news aktuell. Wochenblatt Speyer Speyer Blaulicht. Polizeibericht Dudenhofen. Dies führte dazu, Online Slot Machine Spielen sie gegen ein am gegenüberliegenden Fahrbahnrand geparktes Fahrzeug fuhr. Hinweise zur Ursache des Brandes liegen bisher nicht vor. Die Verletzten wurden zur medizinischen Versorgung durch den Rettungsdienst in verschiedene Krankenhäuser eingeliefert, sämtlichen anderen Juwelen Spiele Kostenlos Personen wurde ein Platzverweis erteilt. Original-Content von: Polizeipräsidium Trier, übermittelt durch news aktuell.

4 thoughts on “Explosion Speyer

Hinterlasse eine Antwort

Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Erforderliche Felder sind markiert *